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Lemmings are currently being monitored at 38 sites. Their status and trends were determined based on data from these sites as well as recent data (since 2000) from an additional 11 previous monitoring sites (Figure 3-31). Of those sites monitored, Fennoscandia is overrepresented relative to the geographical area it covers, whereas Russia is underrepresented. Based on the skewed geographical coverage, more information is available for some species of lemmings than others, particularly the Norwegian lemming. STATE OF THE ARCTIC TERRESTRIAL BIODIVERSITY REPORT - Chapter 3 - Page 80 - Figure 3.31
Trends in four muscid species occurring at Zackenberg Research Station, east Greenland, 1996–2014. Declines were detected in several species over five or more years. Significant regression lines drawn as solid. Non-significant as dotted lines. Modified from Gillespie et al. 2020a. (in the original figure six species showed a statistically significant decline, seven a non-significant decline and one species a non-significant rise) STATE OF THE ARCTIC TERRESTRIAL BIODIVERSITY REPORT - Chapter 3 - Page 39 - Figure 3.11
Study sites across the Arctic where phenological mismatches between timing of reproduction and peak abundance in food have been studied for terrestrial bird species. Grey symbols show study sites where this phenomenon has been studied for <10 years, light red symbols show sites with >10 years of data but no strong evidence of an increasing mismatch, and dark red symbols indicate sites with >10 years of data and strong evidence of an increasing mismatch. Circles indicate studies of shorebirds, squares for waterfowl and diamonds(triancle) for both shorebirds and passerines. Graphic: Thomas Lameris, adapted from Zhemchuzhnikov (submitted). STATE OF THE ARCTIC TERRESTRIAL BIODIVERSITY REPORT - Chapter 3 - Page 65 - Figure Box 3.3
The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus tundrius) population in South Greenland has been monitored annually 1981-2018 (except 1993 and 2004). At visits to known breeding sites we recorded presence/absence of territorial falcons as well as their breeding outputs (number of eggs and/or young). The file named S_Greenland_Peregrine_monitoring_data.csv contains the raw data from 725 site checks (sometimes several per site per year). The file named S_Greenland_Summary_occupancy_and_productivity.csv contains a summary of the raw data, providing annual estimates of occupancy, productivity and average brood size. The respective ReadMe files specify the contents.
Although the circumpolar countries endeavor to support monitoring programs that provide good coverage of Arctic and subarctic regions, this ideal is constrained by the high costs associated with repeated sampling of a large set of lakes and rivers in areas that often are very remote. Consequently, freshwater monitoring has sparse, spatial coverage in large parts of the Arctic, with only Fennoscandia and Iceland having extensive monitoring coverage of lakes and streams Figure 6-2 Current state of monitoring for river FECs in each Arctic country State of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Report - Chapter 6 - Page 94 - Figure 6-2
Trends in biomass or diversity of benthic Focal Ecosystem Components across each Arctic Marine Area. STATE OF THE ARCTIC MARINE BIODIVERSITY REPORT - Chapter 4 - Page 179 - Figure 4.3
The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus tundrius) population in Greenland has been monitored in different survey areas in South and West Greenland since 1972. At visits to Peregrine Falcon nests, eggshell fragments from hatched eggs as well as addled (dead) eggs left behind have been collected with the aim of monitoring the thickness of the eggshells as well as analysing the whole eggs for contaminants. The shell thickness serves as a proxy for the falcons’ exposure to certain persistant organic pollutants, in particular DDT and its breakdown products (see summaries in Cade et al. 1988). This data set contains the raw data on 6665 eggshell thickness measurements of: 1. Whole eggs from South Greenland 1986-2015 2. Eggshell fragments from the study area in South Greenland 1981-2019 3. Eggshell fragments from the study area around Kangerlussuaq in West Greenland 1972-1989 The data set contains a mix of measurements of shell thickness including or excluding the eggshell membranes from the same clutch of eggs. Based on those measurements the average membrane thickness is 0.071 mm (SD=0.013) – a figure confirmed by other studies – and this ’membrane factor’ can be added or subtracted for comparisons with other data sets. Further details regarding the sampling areas, measurement methods and the results of trends analyses of changes in shell thickness are provided in Falk et al. (2006 and 2018). The file named 1_Data_Eggshell_Thickness_1972-2019.csv contains the raw measurements data and the file 2_ReadMe_Eggshell_Thickness_1972-2019.txt specifies the content. The file named 3_Rscript_Eggshell_Thickness_1972-2019.R provides an R script for summarizing and plotting the data as shown in the file 4_Plot_Eggshell_Thickness_1972-2019.pdf
Figure 4-13 Number of deep lakes (red), shallow lakes (blue), and ponds (brown) in each geographical zone (BF, T, LA, HA). BF = Boreal Forest, T =Transition Zone, LA = Low Arctic, HA = High Arctic. State of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Report - Chapter 4 - Page 40 - Figure 4-13
Sea ice amphipod (macrofauna) distribution and abundance across the Arctic aggregated from 47 sources between 1977 and 2012 by the CBMP Sea Ice Biota Expert Network. Bar graphs illustrate the frequency of occurrence (%) of amphipods in samples that contained at least one ice-associated amphipod. Red circles illustrate the total abundances of all ice-associated amphipods in quantitative samples (individuals m-2) at locations of sampling for each Arctic Marine Area (AMA). Number of sampling efforts for each region is given in parenthesis after region name. Blue dots represent samples where only presence/ absence data were available and where amphipods were present. STATE OF THE ARCTIC MARINE BIODIVERSITY REPORT - <a href="https://arcticbiodiversity.is/findings/sea-ice-biota" target="_blank">Chapter 3</a> - Page 44 - Figure 3.1.6 From the report draft: "This summary includes 47 data sources of under-ice amphipods published between 1977 and 2012. When available, we collected information on abundance or density (ind. m-2, or ind. m-3 that were converted to ind. m-2) and biomass (g m-2, wet weight). If abundance or biomass data were not available, we examined presence/relative abundance information. Frequency of occurrence was calculated for regions across the Arctic using integrated data for all available years."
Appendix 9.2 The 106 Arctic endemic vascular plant species (with PAF code number) and their distribution in the Arctic floristic provinces and subzones (A-E) compiled from Elven (2007).