Type of resources
Contact for the resource
The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus tundrius) population in South Greenland has been monitored annually 1981-2021 (except 1993, 2004 and 2020). At visits to known breeding sites we recorded presence/absence of territorial falcons as well as their breeding outputs (number of eggs and/or young). The file named S_Greenland_Peregrine_monitoring_data-1981-2021.csv contains the raw data from 835 site checks (sometimes several per site per year). The file named S_Greenland_Summary_occupancy_and_productivity-1981-2021.csv contains a summary of the raw data, providing annual estimates of occupancy, productivity and average brood size (young/ successful nest). The respective ReadMe files specify the contents.
The Arctic Falcon Specialist Group (AFSG) is an informal network of biologists with a research focus on Arctic-breeding peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) and gyrfalcons (Falco rusticolus). AFSG was established to enhance the coordination and collaboration on the monitoring of the two Arctic falcon species and the initial joint effort was to compile the first overview of Arctic falcon monitoring sites, present trends for long-term occupancy and productivity, and summarize information describing abundance, distribution, phenology and health of the two species – based on data for 24 falcon monitoring sites across the Arctic. The analyses were published in the journal Ambio (Franke et al. 2020) as a contribution to the terrestrial Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Programme (CBMP) defined by Arctic Council’s Biodiversity Working Group (Christensen et al. 2018). The data compiled from across the Arctic for the analyses by Franke et al. (2020) are here made available for wider usage and comparisons. However, for the analyses in the Ambio paper, some filtering procedures were applied (e.g. time series shorter than 10 sampling years, or fewer than 10 territories monitored), excluding some of the original data that are now made available in this dataset. In addition, some co-authors preferred either to conduct separate uploads of respective data, or declined the invitation to make the data publicly available (see attached map overview of monitoring sites); hence this dataset does not exactly match the data analysed by Franke et al. (2020). This data set contains the annual estimates of peregrine and gyrfalcon ‘occupancy’ and ‘productivity’ in respective monitoring sites; for definitions as well a discussion of challenges in determining, interpreting and comparing those figures across sites with different sampling procedures please consult Franke et al. (2020 and 2017). The file named Arctic falcons monitoring data - AFSG 2020.csv contains the annual estimates of occupancy and productivity for peregrine falcon and gyrfalcon along with information on monitoring sites and the principal investigators as specified in the file ReadMe_Arctic-falcons-monitoring-data.txt. Arctic falcons monitoring data - AFSG 2020.xlsx contains the same data in Microsoft Excel format. The file named AFSG-MonitoringSites-with-data.png provides an overview of the 24 monitoring sites described in Franke et al. (2020) with indication of which datasets are included here. Please note that: The dataset contains information on sample size (number of nesting territories surveyed in each monitoring site and year) for some areas only; for areas without sample size more than 10 territories were usually surveyed. However, for interpreting the data, potential users may need to consult the principal investigators for the specific monitoring sites. The dataset lists the principal investigators (and contact details) as respective “data owners”; in addition to the Creative Commons License 4.0 specifications covering this data upload, potential data users are strongly encouraged to contact the data owners prior to using or interpreting the data – for consent and possible co-authorship.
The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus tundrius) population in Greenland has been monitored in different survey areas in South and West Greenland since 1972. At visits to Peregrine Falcon nests, eggshell fragments from hatched eggs as well as addled (dead) eggs left behind have been collected with the aim of monitoring the thickness of the eggshells as well as analysing the whole eggs for contaminants. The shell thickness serves as a proxy for the falcons’ exposure to certain persistant organic pollutants, in particular DDT and its breakdown products (see summaries in Cade et al. 1988). This data set contains the raw data on 6665 eggshell thickness measurements of: 1. Whole eggs from South Greenland 1986-2015 2. Eggshell fragments from the study area in South Greenland 1981-2019 3. Eggshell fragments from the study area around Kangerlussuaq in West Greenland 1972-1989 The data set contains a mix of measurements of shell thickness including or excluding the eggshell membranes from the same clutch of eggs. Based on those measurements the average membrane thickness is 0.071 mm (SD=0.013) – a figure confirmed by other studies – and this ’membrane factor’ can be added or subtracted for comparisons with other data sets. Further details regarding the sampling areas, measurement methods and the results of trends analyses of changes in shell thickness are provided in Falk et al. (2006 and 2018). The file named 1_Data_Eggshell_Thickness_1972-2019.csv contains the raw measurements data and the file 2_ReadMe_Eggshell_Thickness_1972-2019.txt specifies the content. The file named 3_Rscript_Eggshell_Thickness_1972-2019.R provides an R script for summarizing and plotting the data as shown in the file 4_Plot_Eggshell_Thickness_1972-2019.pdf
The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus tundrius) population in South Greenland has been monitored annually 1981-2018 (except 1993 and 2004). At visits to known breeding sites we recorded presence/absence of territorial falcons as well as their breeding outputs (number of eggs and/or young). The file named S_Greenland_Peregrine_monitoring_data.csv contains the raw data from 725 site checks (sometimes several per site per year). The file named S_Greenland_Summary_occupancy_and_productivity.csv contains a summary of the raw data, providing annual estimates of occupancy, productivity and average brood size. The respective ReadMe files specify the contents.
Trend quality categories are: (1) data are lacking such that trends are unknown, (2) regional and site-specific monitoring allow for assumptions of trend, (3) international monitoring allows estimation of trend direction, and (4) rigorously designed international monitoring programmes yield estimates of precision. Modified from Smith et al. 2020. STATE OF THE ARCTIC TERRESTRIAL BIODIVERSITY REPORT - Chapte31 - Page 59 - Figure 3.26
Figure 1-1. CBMP’s adaptive, integrated ecosystem–based approach to inventory, monitoring and data management. This figure illustrates how management questions, conceptual ecosystem models based on science, Indigenous Knowledge, and Local Knowledge, and existing monitoring networks guide the four CBMP monitoring plans––marine, freshwater, terrestrial and coastal. Monitoring outputs (data) feed into the assessment and decision-making processes and guide refinement of the monitoring programmes themselves. Modified from CAFF 2017 STATE OF THE ARCTIC TERRESTRIAL BIODIVERSITY REPORT - Chapter 1 - Page 4 - Figure 1-1
Warming in the Arctic has been significantly faster than anywhere else on Earth (Ballinger et al. 2020). Trends in land surface temperature are shown on Figure 2-2. STATE OF THE ARCTIC TERRESTRIAL BIODIVERSITY REPORT - Chapter 2 - Page 23 - Figure 2.2
Box-plots of taxa richness (average per lake) by Arctic regions for rotifers (left) and crustaceans (right). Crustacean taxa are restricted to taxa within Calanoida, Cyclopoida and Cladocera. Samples with only a single taxon have been excluded. Boxes represent median and interquartile range. State of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Report - Chapter 4 - Page 60 - Figure 4-27
Temporal patterns in % abundance of Atlantic salmon, brown trout, and anadromous Arctic charr from catch statistics in northern Norway rivers monitored from 1993 to 2016, including basins dominated by (a) rivers and (b) lakes. State of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Report - Chapter 4 - Page 81- Figure 4-42
Distribution and observed trends of wild Rangifer populations throughout the circumpolar Arctic (from The Circum Arctic Rangifer Monitoring and Assessment Network, CARMA). Note: Wild boreal forest reindeer have not been mapped by CARMA and thus are not represented here. Published in the Arctic Biodiversity Trends 2010 - Selected indicators of change, INDICATOR #02 - released in 2010